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Chorley Historical and Archaeological Society

News and Views

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Jan 2011 Feb 2011 Mar 2011 Apr 2011 May 2011 Jun 2011
Jul 2011 Aug 2011 Sep 2011 Oct 2011 Nov 2011 Dec 2011
Apr 2011
 

Tue 12 Apr 2011
THE TALES OF DUXBURY – by Irene Owen

Irene Owen was our speaker this evening and her talk was about 'THE TALES OF DUXBURY' The cottage where she and George live, on the Duxbury estate, is called Londonderry Cottage and is 425 years old.
The first settler was DEOWUC in 600 A.D. and built a fortified farm (Bur), possibly the first Duxbury.


taken June 2011

The Duxbury family tree goes back as far as 1202. 1315 was a very important date, the Banastre rebellion. Lands of Standish and Shevington. Battles fought by close neighbours. Sir Henry de Burry was murdered. Standishes's took over Duxbury Hall. The Duxbury's were very influential, but the Standishes became more important. In the old barn of the old hall timbers dated to 15c. There was a Pele tower which protected the area and was also used for shelter. There have been huge stones found on the Duxbury estate which possibly were from the Pele tower. In the old barn, the chieftains barn, there was a bedchamber for the Lord and Lady and another one for the women. All the men slept in the hall. Hall 'ith Hill also a possible residence of the Duxburys. Bretters Farm was moated, and C.H.A.S. found remains of artefacts from Saxon times to 16c in the recent past. 1571 there is a court roll reference to the Manor House of Duxbury (Duxbury Hall). Also discovered, 6 pairs of oak crux (barn) on a stone base, fastened by three cross pieces. The Standish line family tree can be traced from 1221 to 1846.

1434 Sir Roland Standish fought under Henry V at Agincourt and brought home the remains of St. Laurence and returned them to the Parish Church, Chorley (reputedly.) Lands connected to the Standishes also covered areas around Heapey, Duxbury, Worthington, Langtree, Heath Charnock, Chorley etc. The Lord became the tenant for life and had to look after the estate and its people. 1533 was the time of Henry V111 and the Reformation. The Standishes of Duxbury were Protestants and the Standishes of Standish were Catholics. Miles Standish was educated at Rivington Grammar School (the small old school, now a Junior school). 1622 Sir Thomas Standish rebuilt Duxbury Hall and and chapel (St. Wilfreds). 1670 the Hearth Tax was introduced, and 1727 the Cornmill was refurbished. Myles Standish, who was nicknamed Captain Shrimp sailed the Mayflower to Plymouth, Massachusetts. Hobernock who was a firm friend and stayed with him for the rest of his life. Three Standing Dishes are the Standish Coat of Arms. The two churches of St. Laurence and St. Wilfreds were very important to the Standish family. 1859 two thirds of Duxbury Hall burned down, then was rebuilt with the insurance monies. 1891 was the sale of Duxbury Park Estate. From 1898 to 1932 George Owens (Irene's husband) grandad was the Gamekeeper at Duxbury. Over the years the Cornwells were also part of Georges family. The Yarrow Bridge hotel used to be called the Standish Arms. There were 4 Coal Mines at Duxbury, namely: Duxbury, Carr, Yarrow and Duxbury Park. Documents date back to 1354 for the Old Mill, and there was also quarrying and textiles carried on at Duxbury.

This evening has been a very interesting story of Duxbury supplemented by Family trees, photos, maps and artefacts. It has been a delightful evening. I hope you find the snippets, I managed to record, of some interest.
 

J.D.

Mon  04 Apr 2011
Presentation about the Clayton Reservoir to the pupils
of Manor Road Primary School, Clayton-le-Woods.

At Manor Road Primary School, Clayton-le-Woods this morning Rosemary and Boyd gave a presentation to the pupils about the Clayton Reservoir and its importance in the history of the area. Rosemary had put the travelling display up which has been shown in various libraries in the Chorley area. Some of the children indicated they would write letter to various people in authority to express their concern about the proposed demolition of the Victorian brick structure.


Under threat - Clayton Reservoir - built in 1884


Reservoir information board in the school


Manor Road Pupils in the assembly hall

Fri  01 Apr 2011
A Taste of Life in 1868 Chorley

It’s all too easy when searching through old newspapers to get side-tracked by interesting stories! That’s my excuse.
When recently searching through the Chorley Standard of 1868, I came across the following two items,(both from the 1st August edition) which, although different, paint small pictures of what life was like over 140 years ago.

1. Strange Proceedings in Botany
On Monday night two women, named Elizabeth Hatch and Jane Collins, were charged before J. Rigby Esq., with assaulting Henry Grime and his daughter Hannah Grime. They were ordered to find sureties.- On Wednesday evening a great crowd assembled in Botany, and an effigy of Grime was prepared, and it was taken to the top of Knowley, where it was burnt, amid great excitement. On Thursday the crowd again assembled, with the intention of “burying the ashes” for which purpose a large fish box had been provided to receive the “remains”. The police, however, came upon the scene and dispersed the excited crowd, taking a man named Jos. Fishwick into custody for disorderly behaviour. He was brought before J. Rigby ,Esq., yesterday and bound over to keep the peace

2. Letter to the Editor “Chorley Workhouse”
Sir, Being near the workhouse on Sunday night a little before nine o’clock, I heard a great noise, which I found was caused by a poor woman seeking admittance. She knocked, and knocked---louder, and yet louder—but all is vain. The woman was importunate, and sought aid of stones, which she sent as friendly messengers through the windows, but still in vain,-- another illustration of the proverb, “None so deaf as those who will not hear.” The woman, of course, had to go away.
Now, Mr. Editor, how is it that the windows of the workhouse can be thus assailed, and yet no notice taken of it? Yours, A Ratepayer.

No comment necessary!
John Harrison
April 2011